About Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

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About Calgary for Calgary, Alberta and Area

When you want to know Calgary, Alberta

Overview of Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Calgary is most famous for its Calgary Stampede, a large festival and rodeo every July. It is Canada's largest annual event and it features an internationally recognized rodeo competition, a midway, stage shows, agricultural competitions, and numerous other attractions. In the downtown there is a variety of restaurants and bars, and cultural venues, as well as shopping and public squares such as Olympic Plaza. The Devonian Gardens, encompassing two and a half acres, is one of the largest urban indoor gardens in the world, and it is located on the fourth floor of TD Square, above the shopping levels. Another urban park, Prince`s Island Park is located just north of the Eau Claire district.

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  • Population: 1,037,100 (2001)
  • Population Density: 1252.3 km2
  • Area: 789.9 km2
  • Latitude: 51°10`N
  • Weather: See forecast
  • Elevation: 1048 MSL
  • Time Zone: MST
  • Language: English
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History of Calgary, Alberta

The first recorded settler in Calgary was rancher Sam Livingston, in 1870. The site became a post of what is now the RCMP, in 1875. Originally named Fort Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876. When the railway reached the area, Calgary grew into an important commercial and agricultural centre. It was incorporated as a town in 1884 and ten years later, Calgary became the first city in what was then the Northwest Territories. Oil didn`t become a significant industry until the 1960s.

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Calgary's Demographics

Calgary has one of the fastest growing populations in Canada. From 1996 to 2001, the population increased by more than fourteen per cent. With an average age of 34.8, the population of Calgary is also one of the youngest. Approximately seventy-nine per cent of the population is Caucasian, and Aboriginals represent just under two and a half per cent.

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Calgary's Climate

Environment Canada ranks Calgary as having the third most temperate climate in the country after Victoria and Vancouver. This is due to the dry Chinook winds that regularly blow in from the Pacific Ocean. These can last for several days, and can raise the temperature by as much as twenty degrees Celsius. Generally, Calgary is a dry city and receives very little rain or snow relative to other Canadian cities, but it is still susceptible to blizzards in the winter and thunderstorms in the summer.

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Education in Calgary, Alberta

Calgary is the site of four major public post-secondary institutions. The University of Calgary is the city's primary large degree-granting facility. Mount Royal College is the city`s second largest institution, and it grants degrees in a number of fields. The Southern Alberta Institute of Technology offers polytechnic education. The Alberta College of Art & Design is also located in Calgary. There are also a number of other smaller private colleges in the city.

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Transportation around Calgary, Alberta

Calgary`s mass transit system is operated by Calgary Transit. The light rail transit (LRT) system, known as the C-Train, consists of 42.1 km of track and was one of the first such systems in North America. As well as the LRT, Calgary Transit has an effective system of buses, and has won several prestigious awards for its efficiency and environmental responsibility. The system has over 160 bus routes and 2 C-Train lines, covering more than 4,500 km.

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Tourism and Attractions of Calgary

Apart from the Stampede, Calgary has many attractions to offer. The breathtaking natural beauty of the Canadian Rockies in Kananaskis Country is one of them. Heritage Park Historical Village showcases a working steam train, a historic Calgary streetcar shuttle from the lower parking lots, and an antique midway. Other major city attractions include Canada Olympic Park, the Aero Space Museum, Museum of the Regiments and Race City Motorsport Park.

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Surrounding Communities

  • Calgary
  • Airdrie
  • Cochrane
  • Kathryn
  • Keoma
  • Lyalta
  • Dalroy
  • Chestermere
  • Strathmore
  • Langdon
  • Dalemead
  • De Winton
  • Priddis
  • Bragg Creek
  • Okotoks
  • High River
  • Crossfield
  • Balzac
  • Irricana
  • Ardenode
  • Conrich
  • Delacour
  • Redwood Meadows
  • Black Diamond
  • Turner Valley
  • Millarville
  • Madden
  • Bottrell
  • Aldersyde
  • Carseland
  • Ghost Lake

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Geography of Calgary, Alberta

Calgary is located within the foothills of the Rocky Mountains and its elevation ranges from about 1000 metres above sea level downtown, to 1084 metres at the airport. There are two major rivers that run through the city. The Bow River is the largest and flows from the west to the south. The Elbow River flows northwards from the south until it converges with the Bow River near downtown. The climate of the region overall is generally dry.

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Calgary's Government

There have been various changes over the years to the structure of Calgary City Council and to the election process. By 1894, Calgary was divided into three wards, with six councillors. By 1914, the ward system had been disposed of, and then was re-introduced in 1960. Six wards were established, each represented by two Aldermen. In 1976 the number of wards expanded to today`s number of 14 with one Alderman representing each ward. The term of office for Mayor and Alderman is three years.

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Calgary's Economy and Industry

The economy in Calgary booming, and Calgary is now second only to Toronto in its concentration of corporate head offices. Although oil, gas and agriculture are still a main part of the economy, the city has invested a great deal into other areas. Tourism is perhaps one of the fastest growing industries in the city because of its many festivals and attractions, especially the Calgary Stampede. Other industries include light manufacturing, high-tech, film, transportation, and services.

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Calgary's Culture and Significant Events

Calgary is the site of the Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium, which is one of two twin facilities in the province, the other located in Edmonton Together, they house the Alberta Ballet, the Calgary opera, the Kiwanis Music Festival, and the Royal Conservatory of Music, among others. The city also holds many major annual festivals including the Folk Music Festival, The Lilac Festival, and the second largest Caribbean festival in the country, Carifest.

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Sports in Calgary, Alberta

Calgary held the 1988 Winter Olympic Games, and many of the Olympic facilities continue to function as training facilities for athletes around the world. Among the most notable of these are Canada Olympic Park and the Olympic Oval. Some of the professional sports teams of Calgary include the Calgary Flames Hockey Team and football's Calgary Stampeders. The amateur hockey team is the Calgary Hitmen and the Calgary Oval X-treme women's hockey team.

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Media of Calgary

Calgary has two local newspapers, the Calgary Herald and the Calgary Sun, as well as several local radio stations. Cable services are provided by Shaw Cable.

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